What is NGO and its Powerful Organization Structure ?


What is NGO? Many people want to know about NGO. They are not a part of the government or not common profit business. Therefore, NGOs are a very important thing in society. This is very easy to define NGO but it is very hard to explain the emotions behind it.

Few months before, I read one article on Doctor for Beggars. His name is Dr Abhijit. He is a doctor from Pune who chosen a unique way of treating patients.

He visits temples and religious places. Treats elderly and physically challenged homeless people who beg to survive.

Currently, Dr Abhijit is working for their improvement and bringing them back into the mainstream. Dr Abhijit believes that if they are physically fit, they should work for their livelihood and live an independent life.

That time I know about NGO. I heard about ‘Doctor for beggars’ NGO.

NGO history

The term, “Non-Governmental Organization” or “NGO” first arrived in 1945 with the foundation of the United Nations.

United Nations need to differentiate, in its Charter between participation rights for intergovernmental specialized agencies and those for international private organizations.

At the United Nations, almost all types of private foundations can be known as NGOs. They only have to be independent of government control, not trying to challenge governments.

Person or group of people doing hard work to achieve some emotional goal and make difference in society. Like, NGOs are helping people to understand their rights. Also, oppose the wrong things in society for their wrong behaviour.

Seems like NGO is the glue which connects citizens with Government. Also, it is connecting wires between rich and poor people.

let’s dive into what NGOs do.

Type of NGOs

NGO has a goal to help people. They work in single or multiple niches. Like active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights and environment.

Here what I found:

NGOs are divided into two types.

  • Operational NGOs
  • Advocacy NGOs

1. Operational NGOs:
These NGOs try to achieve small-scale changes directly through projects. They act as implementers. They organize resources to provide goods and services to people. Who face trouble due to nature.

Eg: Pragya NGO which help in rehabilitation efforts for flash flood victims in Uttarakhand, India.

Major fundraising events need skills in advertising, media relations and motivating supporters. Thus, operational NGOs need to possess an efficient headquarters bureaucracy, in addition to the operational staff in the field.

2. Advocacy/Campaigning NGOs:
These NGOs try to achieve large-scale changes promoted indirectly through the influence of the political system.

Those NGOs form by a group of professional members. Also, they have a large supporter network to influence policy changes.

Even more, they deal with human rights, women’s rights, and children’s rights.

Eg: Voice for Rights NGO which works among underprivileged women and children. Deepika Rajawat is a chairperson and founder of Voice for Rights NGO. Who is the counsel of Kathua rape victim’s family

Also, NGOs are providing a different kind of services on the humanitarian basis. Hence, it works as a bridge to bring citizen concerns to governments.

Also, NGO support and monitor government policies. It also encourages citizens to participate by providing information.

Structure that most of people do not know ?

Having a good and powerful NGO Board presents a successful management of its

  • Familiarizes its target elements with the activities of the NGO.
  • Help in better understanding the organizational structure of the NGO.
  • Also supports in dividing responsibilities between the team members inside the organization.

Above NGO’s organizational structure is illustrated in Figure. ( figure here)

Almost all organizations are a divide as Top Management and Staff Members. Top management group performs an important role. So, taking important decisions and decide the overall direction.

Therefore, top management consists of three things.

1. Board of Directors :
Like, this is the top part of NGO. Which is responsible for hire and supervise the Executive Director, develop and approve budgets etc.

While board members are expert in NGOs cause. Also, it represents NGO to the large community. So many times there is a fund provider.

2. General Assembly :
So, in case of membership base NGO, General Assembly is a group of all such members, including its board members and staff members.

3. Executive Director:
Executive Director is responsible for overall direction in which NGO moves. Also, he responded to manage the day to day activity of NGOs.

Executive Director is also called as Coordinator, Chief Operating Officer or CEO.

So, staff members are responsible to do an activity like day to day functioning and implementing project.

Therefore, staff member divides into based activity.

1. Administration:
Like, administrative activities are governed by an administrative manager. Also, Financial management of an NGO, a Finance Assistant may be responsible for fund-raising activities of the NGO.

So, the membership coordinator manages the NGO’s members, membership fees, customer relations etc.

2. Publicity :
Seems like, communications and dissemination manager assisted by other staff members. Such as a Public Relations Assistant, a Publications Assistant or a Web/Social Media Assistant.

So, It’s work to publicize NGOs activities and build a “brand name” for the NGO. Also, publications assistant will have to work with the public relations and web/social media assistant.

3. Projects:
A Programme Manager may be assisted by several Project Assistants, Training Assistants, and other Assistants.

Role of NGOs

NGOs can have an effective role in the following sections:

  • Community Health Promotion and Education
  • Emerging health crises
  • Community Social Problems
  • Women’s Issues
  • Economic
  • Environmental
  • Development

NGO approaches resolving a problem

When an NGO approaches resolving a problem, they can proceed with the following structure:

  • Gather information on the issue
  • What exactly is the problem?
  • What is causing the problem?
  • Who are the persons/organizations responsible?
  • What are the consequences going to be? Assess magnitude, quality and prevalence
  • What are the alternatives/possible solutions?
  • How much would they cost? Is it better to invest the money in other projects?
  • Talk to people in the community to hear different opinions that will enable a holistic view of the issue
  • Talk to people who are in-charge and hear their side of the issue. Tell them about the problems that you see
  • You may be able to work towards solving problems together if you do not see yourself as hostile parties
  • Connect with people to increase awareness
  • Ask older, powerful or respected people in the community to address public gatherings
  • Use the media(newspapers and the internet) to generate interest, communicate the facts and discuss options
  • Write thoughtful, succinct articles for magazines and newspapers identifying the issues
  • Include people from different backgrounds, so that your organization is not linked with any particular political party or religious sect
  • For fundraising purposes, let people know why funds are needed and how they will be
    used. Transparent and detailed accounts are necessary to build trust.
  • Link up with other NGOs to maximize the effect of the effort

Some more interesting terms use for NGOs

What is NGO called by worldwide? So, there are other terms for NGOs which use worldwide by the different community.

Here’s what I found:

  • SHO: Self-Help Organization
  • NSAs: Non-State Actors
  • SMO: Social Movement Organization
  • PVO: Private Voluntary Organization
  • CSO: Civil Society Organization
  • GO: Grassroots Organization
  • TSO: Third-Sector Organization
  • NPO: Non-Profit Organization
  • VO: Voluntary Organization
  • ONG: Organization Non-Governmental

Wrap Up

It’s obvious NGOs are impressive! They are like superheroes donating effort and time to make people’s lives better.

I collected above information by doing research. I hope this article helps you to know more about NGOs and their structure too. If you have some more details about NGO. Please share it.

I’d love to hear your opinion in a comment.

I am web designer with 5+ years of experience. I am also interested in Technical Writing, Technical Research and Content Writing.

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